Vidhan Bhavan (Legislative Assembly) Bhopal:
‘Vidhan Bhavan is a public building which should say something very powerful about democracy, It is a building which has got to down with the idea of governing yourself. It has to express the role it has to play and tell people that this is your city, this is your state and you must participate in it, It must not be low-key. It should have a presence.’– Charles Correa
Vidhan Bhavan is a new state assembly for the Madhya Pradesh government in the capital city of Bhopal. It replaces the former building, which is nearby and was initially built during the colonial period as a guest house for the viceroy of India when he visited the city. It is a complete set of integrated facilities that sit on the crest of Arera Hill which has a panoramic view toward the lake in Bhopal.
• Deep understanding of the Vedic principles
• Won prestigious AGA KHAN award for this in
• The building is located in the center of Bhopal.
Since the main access road is not axial, but swings towards the site in a rather casual manner, the plan of the building developed as a circle, so it could have an auto nous unity and presence, regardless of the direction from which it is approached.
• References of this circular form are parliament building in New Delhi, Buddhist stupa near Sanchi.
• The new Vidhan Sabha houses the many diverse functions crucial to a functioning democracy. The plan is a pattern of gardens within gardens, divided into 9 squares. The five central ones are halls and courtyards, while the 4 corner positions are occupied by specialized functions. The Vidhan Parishad, central library, and combined hall. It also contains a host of other facilities: offices, cabinet rooms, cafeterias, common rooms for security staff etc.
• According to the requirements there are 3 main entrances- for public, VP’s, MLA’s. These 3 main streams separated from each other experience the complex internal space of the building while moving along verandah and overlooking courtyards and gardens – as in traditional architecture of India.
• The whole building presents as extremely pleasing vision of powerful curves and straight vertical and horizontal lines. Whereas the building could have fallen into the trap of being merely monumental, its pristinely simple lines raise it to an altogether different plane.
• The whole composition is enclosed by a wall that defines its exterior form like a circular inner city- a model of the city of Baghdad. This approach has generated an interesting roofs cape and skylines, the use of gateways and domes and a tower to develop the imagery of this landmark complex is very much in the tradition of the harmonic order found in the traditional architecture of Islam.